Fleas are not very common on humans as they are on pets. Flea bites on humans usually result from human fleas, cat fleas or dog fleas. These bites often appear in clusters or large groups. While some people aren’t adversely affected by flea bites, others are very sensitive to them, and the bites end up looking like red bumps on affected areas.
Cat fleas and dog fleas often bite below the knee and sometimes on the forearms if you have been stroking your pet. The bites can be spotted as red dots. Some people develop allergies to flea bites and although a rare scenarios, others develop bacterial or viral infections as a result of these bites.
When do fleas bite and why do they do it?
Fleas have evolved and can now hold 15 more blood than their weight. They have a lot of sharp spikes on their legs, which allow them to penetrate the skin of their host and release their saliva. Flea saliva contains about 15 substances, which have the potential to cause an allergic reaction in both pets and humans. All fleas need blood to survive and most feed two to three times a day.
What do flea bites look like?
Unless you have an allergic reaction, flea bites appear in red dots. When they start to itch, one may scratch a hole in the affected area. This may lead to a skin infection. Allergic reactions to flea bites are often evidenced by itchiness, large areas of redness and small pimples that need to be treated.
Flea bite treatment
Flea bites eventually get worse if one doesn’t seek treatment. This is because the itching might not stop and as such, you might not stop scratching the affected area. This can be a very frustrating and uncomfortable experience especially for those with allergies. Luckily, there are several medications and treatments that can take care of flea bites almost instantly. Some people, unfortunately, are allergic to flea bites and flea treatments. Below are a few tips you can use to get rid of flea bites:
- However difficult it may be, refrain from scratching flea bites
- Stop the itching with some lotion or cream. This also cleans the area and reduces swelling thus decreasing chances of infection.
- You can also use an antihistamine as liquid or tablets. Consult your doctor before using this.
- Cold water or ice helps to reduce inflammation and swelling.
Last but not least, the most effective way to ensure that flea bites don’t occur in future is to get rid of flea bites in your home.